Multiple Sclerosis in the Very Young – A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Written by Indu Sivaraman & Manikum Moodley

Onset of multiple sclerosis (MS) in the very young (<10 years) is uncommon. We describe a 2 year old girl with MS, the youngest reported case in the USA. She presented to an outside hospital with acute onset of ataxia on three occasions before presenting to our institution, initially misdiagnosed as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and treated with intravenous methylprednisolone. MRI of the brain during each presentation revealed new areas of demyelination. Initial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) studies and MRI of the spine were normal. Repeat MRI of the brain at our institution, 7 months later, revealed new demyelinating lesions and CSF...

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