DNA methylation signatures of mood stabilizers and antipsychotics in bipolar disorder

Written by Lotte C Houtepen, Annet H van Bergen, Christiaan H Vinkers & Marco PM Boks

Aim: In view of the potential effects of psychiatric drugs on DNA methylation, we investigated whether medication use in bipolar disorder is associated with DNA methylation signatures. Experimental procedures: Blood-based DNA methylation patterns of six frequently used psychotropic drugs (lithium, quetiapine, olanzapine, lamotrigine, carbamazepine, and valproic acid) were examined in 172 bipolar disorder patients. After adjustment for cell type composition, we investigated gene networks, principal components, hypothesis-driven genes and epigenome-wide individual loci. Results: Valproic acid and quetiapine were significantly associated with altered methylation signatures after adjustment for drug-related changes on celltype composition. Conclusion: Psychiatric drugs influence DNA methylation patterns over...

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