Practical approach to management of catatonia

Written by Niraj Ahuja & Andrew Cole

In this article, we discuss important issues in the management of catatonic symptoms in busy clinical settings. Catatonic symptoms are common among inpatients, not only in psychiatry but also in acute medicine and neurology. Prompt recognition of these symptoms is easy if clinicians maintain a high index of suspicion. Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce the significant morbidity and mortality associated with these cases. Speedy investigation to rule out organic catatonia and identify dangerous complications forms an important part of management. Early treatment with benzodiazepines can aid diagnosis and shorten the duration of catatonia, thereby improving outcomes. Electroconvulsive therapy has...

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