The nosology of catatonia and DSM-5

Written by Traci Turner, Amber Rayfield, Vonny Pinson, Christopher Thomas & Brendan T Carroll

Catatonia has been identified for over 100 years as a valid clinical entity. In its various forms and classifications, it has languished as a specifier, a subtype or as a disregarded entity. However, with the advent of DSM-5 and ICD-10, catatonia has a home of its own. This article is designed to provide the relevant psychopathology, syndrome definition and assessment tools including rating scales as they pertain to DSM-5. Karl Kahlbaum first described catatonia using 26 cases spanning a variety of illnesses [1]. While some of these cases would meet the current criteria for psychosis or a mood disorder, others...

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